Publications

Predicting context-dependent cross-modal associations with dimension-specific polarity attributions. Part 1 - Brightness and aggression

Schietecat, A. C., Lakens, D. IJsselsteijn, W. A., & de Kort, Y. A. W. (in press). Predicting context-dependent cross-modal associations with dimension-specific polarity attributions. Part 1 - Brightness and aggression. Collabra: Psychology.

Although researchers have repeatedly shown that the meaning of the same concept can vary across different contexts, it has proven difficult to predict when people will assign which meaning to a concept, and which associations a concept will activate. Building on the affective theory of meaning (Osgood, Suci, & Tannenbaum, 1957) and the polarity correspondence principle (Proctor & Cho, 2006), we aim to understand and predict the context-dependency of cross-domain associations by proposing the dimension-specificity hypothesis. The dimension-specificity hypothesis predicts that which specific cross-domain associations emerges depending upon which one of multiple affective dimensions of meaning (i.e., the evaluation, activity, or potency dimension) is most salient in a specific context. The relative conceptual distances between bipolar opposed concept pairs (e.g., good vs. bad) on multiple dimensions of meaning determine the dimension that will become most salient. Plus and minus polarities will be attributed to the bipolar concepts, and associations between concrete and abstract concepts that share plus or minus polarities will become activated. We present three sets of experiments in which we predict the cross-modal associations that should emerge between aggression-related concepts and saturation and brightness. Our data support the emergence of dimension-specific polarity attributions. We discuss the potential of dimension-specific polarity attributions to understand and predict how the context influences the emergence of cross-domain associations.

Keywords: cross-domain associations, context-effects, affective dimensions of meaning, color, brightness.

 

We will share the article when it is formally published. 

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Predicting cross-modal associations between aggression, brightness, and colour with the OPAC context model

Schietecat, A.C., Lakens, D., de Kort, Y.A.W. & IJsselsteijn, W.A. (submitted). Predicting cross-modal associations between aggression, brightness, and colour with the OPAC context model. Conferentiebijdrage CERE Emotion Conference 2016 July 6 -7, 2016, Leiden, The Netherlands.


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Although researchers have repeatedly shown that the affective meaning of the same concept can vary across different contexts, it has proven difficult to predict when people will assign which meaning to a concept. To understand when and how the affective meaning of a concept is activated in specific contexts, we propose a multidimensional context model, the OPAC (opposition & activation) context model, based on the affective theory of meaning (Osgood, Suci, & Tannenbaum, 1957) and the polarity correspondence principle (Proctor & Cho, 2006).

Haans & de Kort 2014 Indammen van sociale agressie

Haans, A. & de Kort, Y. A. W. (2014). Indammen van sociale agressie met dynamische verlichting: Het De-escalate project in Eindhoven. Justitiële verkenningen, 14(4), 54-64.

 

There are numerous situations in which human behavior may escalate; in which persons lose self-control, get abusive, aggressive, and cross behavioral boundaries they would normally not cross. Such situations may occur in crowded outdoor situations (public events, urban night life) as well as in small-scale indoor settings (prisons, service & help desks, psychiatric wards). The De-escalate project studies the utilization of dynamic lighting in preventing escalation and in defusing aggressive situations. In De-escalate, Eindhoven University of Technology cooperates with governmental and non-profit organizations, and commercial partners to develop and test mechanisms for de-escalation through light, for example, by lowering arousal, inducing positive mood, broadening attention, increasing self-awareness and self-control. The project aims to broaden our understanding of the effects of light in controlled laboratory studies, and will develop and test methods of de-escalation through light in situ; in two escalation-prone real life settings including Eindhoven's inner-city entertainment area Stratumseind.

 

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Atmosphere in an urban nightlife setting: A case study of the relationship between the socio-physical context and aggressive behavior

Kalinauskaitė, I., Haans, A., & de Kort, Y. A. W., IJsselsteijn, W. A.  (2018). Atmosphere in an urban nightlife setting: A case study of the relationship between the socio-physical context and aggressive behavior. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 59, 223-235. 

 

Aggression is strongly influenced by the surrounding socio-physical context, and the development of aggressive behavior is best understood through a continuous cycle of ongoing person-environment interactions. Empirical studies, nevertheless, have been predominantly conducted in the laboratory, studying aggression as a short-lived phenomenon, emerging from and within an individual, and – with situational factors studied in isolation – devoid of its context. The present field study, conducted in an urban nightlife area, complements this research. A qualitative, multi-method approach was followed by thematic analysis to investigate ongoing behavioral patterns of the crowd vis- a-vis the changes in the context that co-occurred with the development of unwanted behaviors, including aggression. In our study, we identified atmosphere as a dynamic and mood-like, but extra-individual state of the socio- physical setting related to the development of aggression. Our results suggest that atmosphere affects the behavior of groups and individuals by emerging from and feeding into ongoing interactions between people and the environment. At the individual level, it appears to play its part as proximate determinant of behavior; at the crowd level it reflects the synergetic product of all those persons’ states, behaviors and interactions. Implications for aggression theory and for applications aimed at curbing aggression are discussed.

Key words: Atmosphere, aggression, socio-physical context, urban nightlife, people-environment interaction, field study.

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Lighting research in the wild

Haans, A., Kalinauskaite, I., Ouden, E. Den & Ross, P. (2015). Lighting research in the wild. ILI Magazine, Edition 3, Juni 2015.


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To research the effect of lighting on people ILI uses Living Labs – real life environments where concepts are explored in close collaboration with users. Adaptive lighting settings and its effect on users on individual level and group settings are explored while simultaneously researching the new possibilities with sensors and data analytics.

Studying aggression in the field: influences of dynamics of the setting on atmosphere and aggressive behavior.

Kalinauskaite, I., Haans, A., Kort, Y. de (2016). Studying aggression in the field: influences of dynamics of the setting on atmosphere and aggressive behavior. Conferentiebijdrage EDRA47Raleigh 18-21 May, Raleigh NC, USA.


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Aggression in an urban nightlife setting is more than just a physical fight or a verbal insult. Aggression is also the tension floating in the air; changes in which are noticed by visitors, police officers and security guards. It seems that when this tension in the atmosphere increases so does, the likelihood of aggressive behavior in the crowd. Although most researchers acknowledge that aggression is a highly context dependent behavior, to date it has predominantly been studied in controlled laboratory settings.

Lux Agitat Molem: Exploring the relation between movement of light and people

Ross, P. & Kalinauskaite I. (2015). Lux Agitat Molem: Exploring the relation between movement of light and people. ILI Magazine, Edition 3, Juni 2015.


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Philip Ross, designer at Studio Philip Ross, and ILI researcher Indre Kalinauskaite share an interest in the relationship between light and human behaviour. They created the light installation Lux Agitat Molem for the Glow-Next festival in Eindhoven to explore the question: Does light move people?

Indammen van agressie met dynamische verlichting

"Een korte beschrijving van het De-escalate project"

Steeds vaker berichten de media van escalerend gedrag, vaak gepaard gaand met verbale of fysieke agressie. Gedrag van mensen kan escaleren op allerlei plaatsen: op straat, in uitgaansgebieden, bij servicedesks, sociale diensten, huisartsposten, op locaties waar hulpverleners noodsituaties het hoofdbieden, in gevangenissen, in de psychiatrie. Verschillend als deze contexten zijn, ze hebben een aantal belangrijke kenmerken gemeen: (1) gedragsescalatie is ongewenst en kan leiden tot gevaarlijke situaties, (2) er is zelden een deskundige mediator voorhanden om de escalatie te ontzenuwen.

Haans, A., Kalinauskaite, I., Ouden, E. Den & Ross, P. (2015). Lighting research in the wild. ILI Magazine, Edition 3, Juni 2015.


Download as attachment: De-escalate informatiefolder

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